2 edition of Thinning Clumps of Northern Hardwood Stump Sprouts to Produce High Quality Timber. found in the catalog.
Thinning Clumps of Northern Hardwood Stump Sprouts to Produce High Quality Timber.
Ontario. Ministry of Natural Resources.
|Series||Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources Forest Research Information Paper -- 104|
Once the timber harvest is completed, the area can be trenched and planted around the oak stumps at a high stocking of up to 1, trees/acre, with the expectation that some will be shaded out. Since most oaks produce abundant stump sprouts when cut, oak will be a major component of the new stand, growing along and with the newly planted red pine. appear capable of developing into high-quality stems. It is significant that the numbers of free-to-grow black locust and red maple sprouts have dropped markedly since A big question concerning' this stand and all other young Southern Appalachian hardwood stands is the need for precommercial treatments.
Spacing hardwood clumps to one or two stems will result in valuable stems later. Sprouts that leave the stump in a J-shape are preferable to those of a V-shape. The V-shape is more likely to collect debris and introduce rot to the developing clump. This type of thinning can produce specialty hardwood pole products, fence posts, rails. Quercus coccinea Muenchh.. Scarlet Oak. Fagaceae -- Beech family. Paul S. Johnson. Scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea), also called black oak, red oak, or Spanish oak, is best known for its brilliant autumn is a large rapid-growing tree of the Eastern United States found on a variety of soils in mixed forests, especially light sandy and gravelly upland ridges and slopes.
A cut-to-length (CTL) harvest system using a harvester and forwarder has been recently introduced in northern California (USA) for thinning young . Large stumps tend to produce more sprouts than small ones but by about age 20 to 25 the number of living sprouts per stump averages four or five regardless of parent tree or stump size. Northern red oak stump sprouts grow rapidly, averaging about 61 cm (24 in) or more annually for about 30 years (14).
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STROEMPL, c. Thinning clumps of northern hardwood stump sprouts to produce high quality timber. Ont. Min. Natur. Resour., Forest Res. Inform. PaP. 27 p. Timber cutting in hardwoods often results in stump sprouting, sometimes the only means of regeneration.
The species, age of the trees cut, diameter and heicht of the. Descriptions are given of (a) forms of coppice shoots, (b) the effects on shoot development of species, age and diam.
of the parent stump, and location on the stump in relation to decay, and (c) theory and methods of thinning clumps of coppice shoots. Recommendations are given for techniques to encourage rapid growth of all shoots and of selected by: 4. Thinning Sprout Clumps How do you deal with stump sprouts in second-growth hardwood stands.
Although thinning themtakes special effort to avoid causing decay, stump sprouts are the only way to regenerate certain species such as basswood.
Generally, you should thin themear/y and preferably when potential crop stems are 3 inches d.b.h. or less. Thinning oak stump sprouts to a single stem at an early age will increase diameter growth of the released stem.
none motorizedused to thin sprout clumps on. Thinning clumps of northern hardwood stump sprouts to produce high quality timber. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Forest Research Information Paper 27 p. Trimble, G. R., Jr. The regeneration of central Appalachian hardwoods with emphasis on the effects of site quality and harvesting practice.
Stroempl, G. Thinning clumps of northern hardwood stump sprouts to produce high quality timber. For. Res. Inf. Pap. Maple, ON: Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. 27 p. Robert Rogers College of Natural Resources University of Wisconsin Stevens Point, Wisconsin Paul S.
Johnson North Central Forest Experiment Station USDA Forest Service. Thinrang clumps of northern hardwood stump. sprouts to produce high quality timber. Ministry of thinning excess sprouts to reserve 4 sprouts per stump as early as age 1 could be proposed for.
The effectiveness of various treatments to control stump sprouting ofBetula papyriferaandPrunus pensylvanicawas examined under field conditions in Que.
Two-stage thinning had the least impacts; this approach can be used to produce stands with high commercial value. It is especially recommended for young pine/birch forests in the northern.
stump. Sometimes sprout clumps have more than one acceptable crop tree on the same clump. In such cases, select the two best trees, preferably with a u-shape connection between them, and release around both crowns as if they are one (Figure 2).
Bole Quality, Vigor and Risk Crop tree quality, vigor and risk are closely related. Note that stump sprouting declines with increasing stump diameter and with increasing age of the oak trees.
White oak with stump diameters greater than 12" will produce few viable sprouts. Likewise, only about 10% - 20% of pin oak, black oak and red oak with stump diameters greater than 16” will produce viable stump sprouts. Management for quality sprouts can be achieved through selec- tive thinning early in the development (Stroempl, ; Lowell et al., ).
If the site is being managed to produce trees other than that predicted from the sprouts, then an intensive site D.
Brown / Forest Ecology and Management 65 () 17l- management which reduces both. Thinning of sprout clumps is effective at increasing size of wood stems produce stump sprouts, basal sprouts, and root sprouts.
and its propensity to reproduce through sprouts. Timber. Permit only desirable trees to produce seed, stump sprouts, or root suckers. When growing trees for timber, poor-quality trees may be an acceptable seed source if their rough appearance is a result of stand conditions or damage not related to genetic characteristics.
area.2 Nearly 70 percent of mixed upland hardwood area occurs in the Lower Peninsula, with the largest portion in the northern half of the L.P. Some sites may be more likely to support other forest types. Ecology Historically, many of these stands once produced high quality timber — white pine, oaks or northern hardwoods.
GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS: Red maple is a deciduous tree that grows 30 to 90 feet ( m) tall and up to 4 feet ( m) in diameter [16,25].The bark is smooth and gray but darkens and becomes furrowed in narrow ridges with age [16,38].Twigs are stout and shiny red to grayish brown .The small, fragrant flowers are borne in slender-stalked, drooping, axillary.
Northern Forest and Central Hardwood Forest, virgin timber stands of the region supported a great variety of species, both coniferous and broad-leaved. White pine, the principal commercial species, attained heights of to feet and diameters of 3 to 4 feet at mature ages of to years.
Associated with the pine, and always of lesser. 1. Introduction. The role of stump sprouts in the regeneration of upland hardwood forests in the eastern United States is well documented (Elliott et al.,Beck and Hooper,Cook et al., ).Due to the already developed root systems of parent trees, stump sprouts exhibit rapid growth following disturbance, and can, therefore, greatly.
Regenerating Woodland Stands Eli Sagor, Extension Specialist, University of Minnesota Melvin J. Baughman, Extension Forester, Retired, University of Minnesota John G. DuPlissis, Silviculture Program Coordinator, University of Minnesota Natural Resources Research Institute Reviewed and revised in by Eli Sagor and John DuPlissis.
There are many reasons to harvest and. Abstract. Young (1–10 year post-disturbance) upland hardwood forests function as high-quality food patches by providing abundant fruit, and nutritious foliage and flowers that attract pollinating and foliar arthropods and support high populations of small mammals that, in turn, are prey for numerous vertebrate predators.
Acer rubrum L. Red Maple. Aceraceae -- Maple family. Russell S. Walters and Harry W. Yawney. Red maple (Acer rubrum) is also known as scarlet maple, swamp maple, soft maple, Carolina red maple, Drummond red maple, and water maple (33).Many foresters consider the tree inferior and undesirable because it is often poorly formed and defective, especially on poor sites.Prune only 50 to crop trees an acre that have the form and vigor to produce high quality sawtimber or veneer.
Corrective Pruning. Perform corrective pruning only on high-quality hardwood seedlings or small saplings, (primarily black walnut) to encourage a single straight leader (Figure ).
Most trees will correct themselves.Thinning redwood sprout clumps reduces aggregated spatial patterns, promoting a more random arrangement of stems found in even-aged or complex, multiaged stands [29,69,70,71] and may not always increase sprout growth.
Age of sprouts affects sprout size, which affects equipment options for thinning clumps. Precommercial thinning is used.